La stratégie Gender Equality de la Commission Européenne

Dans cet article, le but est de comprendre où l’on en est en termes d’égalité des sexes au niveau Européen, et quelle est la stratégie dans les prochaines années.

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Achievements in gender equality

Although inequalities still exist, the EU has made significant progress in gender equality over the last decades. This is the result of

  • equal treatment legislation
  • gender mainstreaming, integration of the gender perspective into all other policies
  • specific measures for the advancement of women

Encouraging trends are the higher number of women in the labour market and their progress in securing better education and training.

However, gender gaps remain and in the labour market women are still over-represented in lower paid sectors and under-represented in decision-making positions.

Gender Equality Strategy 2020-2025

The EU Gender Equality Strategy delivers on the von der Leyen Commission’s commitment to achieving a Union of Equality. The Strategy presents policy objectives and actions to make significant progress by 2025 towards a gender-equal Europe. The goal is a Union where women and men, girls and boys, in all their diversity, are free to pursue their chosen path in life, have equal opportunities to thrive, and can equally participate in and lead our European society.

The key objectives are ending gender-based violence; challenging gender stereotypes; closing gender gaps in the labour market; achieving equal participation across different sectors of the economy; addressing the gender pay and pension gaps; closing the gender care gap and achieving gender balance in decision-making and in politics. The Strategy pursues a dual approach of gender mainstreaming combined with targeted actions, and intersectionality is a horizontal principle for its implementation. While the Strategy focuses on actions within the EU, it is coherent with the EU’s external policy on gender equality and women’s empowerment.

As one of the first deliverables of the Strategy, the Commission will propose binding pay transparency measures by the end of 2020.

Strategic engagement for gender equality

The strategic engagement for gender equality 2016-2019 is the framework for the European Commission’s future work towards full gender equality.

The strategic engagement focuses on the following 5 priority areas:

  • increasing female labour market participation and economic independence of women and men
  • reducing the gender pay, earnings and pension gaps and thus fighting poverty among women
  • promoting equality between women and men in decision-making
  • combating gender-based violence and protecting and supporting victims
  • promoting gender equality and women’s rights across the world

The strategic engagement sets out objectives in each of these priority areas and identifies more than 30 concrete actions. It reaffirms commitment to gender mainstreaming: a gender equality perspective will be integrated into all EU policies as well as into EU funding programmes.

Annual report on equality between women and men

The annual report on equality between women and men in the EU takes stock of progress made in implementing the Strategic engagement for gender equality 2016-2019. It informs about the main EU initiatives launched or completed in the five thematic areas of the Strategic engagement and presents key trends in the Strategic engagement’s indicators. It highlights some inspiring practices, innovative projects and successful policies to promote gender equality at national level.